مرجع مواد شیمیایی ایران
اطلاعات عمومی تری اتانول آمین
  • نام شیمیایی

    • تری اتانول آمین

    • Triethanolamine

  • مترادف ها
    • 2,2',2''-Nitrilotriethanol ; Tris(2-hydroxyethyl)amine ; Triethylolamine ; 2,2′,2″-Trihydroxytriethylamine ; Trolamine ; TEA ; TEOA

  • CAS
    102-71-6
  • فرمول مولکولی
    C6H15NO3
  • جرم مولکولی
    149/19
  • EINECS
    203-049-8
  • ICB Number
    ICB 191
  • شکل و حالت فیزیکی
    مایع بی رنگ
  • نقطه ذوب
    20/5 °C
  • نقطه جوش
    335/4 °C
  • دانسیته
    1/1245 g/cm3
  • فشار بخار
    0/01 mmHg
  • دانسیته بخار
    5/14
  • ضریب شکست (n20/D­­)
    Array
  • نقطه اشتعال
    365 °F
  • دمای نگهداری
    25 °C
  • حلالیت در آب
    149g/L
  • اسیدیته (pka)
    Array
  • بازیسیته (pkb)
    Array
  • شماره CAS
    102-71-6
  • شماره ثبت تجاری (RBN)
    1699263
  • شماره مرک (Merck)
    14,9665
  • NIST Chemistry Reference
  • EPA Substance Registry System
  • مراجع MSDS
  • ارائه دهنده
    زبان
  • انگلیسی
  • Chemical Properties
    • Clear, amber viscous liquid

  • General Description
    • Oily liquid with a mild ammonia odor. Denser than water. Freezing point is 71°F.

  • Air & Water Reactions
    • Water soluble.

  • Reactivity Profile

    Triethanolamine is an aminoalcohol. Neutralize acids to form salts plus water in exothermic reactions. Amines may be incompatible with isocyanates, halogenated organics, peroxides, phenols (acidic), epoxides, anhydrides, and acid halides. Flammable gaseous hydrogen is generated in combination with strong reducing agents, such as hydrides. Reacts violently with strong oxidants. [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980. p. 928].

  • Synthesis
    • Triethanolamine is produced from the reaction of ethylene oxide with aqueous ammonia, also produced are ethanolamine and diethanolamine. The ratio of the products can be controlled by changing the stoichiometry of the reactants.

  • Usage
    • Triethanolamine is used primarily as an emulsifier and surfactant. It is a common ingredient in formulations used for both industrial and consumer products. The triethanolamine neutralizes fatty acids, adjusts and buffers the pH, and solubilizes oils and other ingredients that are not completely soluble in water. Some common products in which triethanolamine is found are liquid laundry detergents, dishwashing liquids, general cleaners, hand sanitizers, polishes, metalworking fluids, paints, shaving cream and printing inks

  • Health Hazard

    Liquid may irritate eyes and skin.

  • Fire Hazard

    Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Poisonous gases, such as NOx, may be produced

  • Preparation products

    ribonucleic acid for injection-->Spining lubricant agent-->o-Acetoacetaniside-->METHYL 7-AMINOTHIENO[2,3-B]PYRAZINE-6-CARBOXYLATE-->Imazethapyr-->antimony pentoxide sol-->polyurethae finishes PUC series-->water proofing agent 703-->3-Chloropyrazine-2-carbonitrile-->Cutting liquor,synthetic-->softener 101-->1227-->antistatic Agent P-->TRIETHANOLAMINE BORATE-->TRIETHANOLAMINE BORATE-->1,4-BIS(TRICHLOROMETHYL)BENZENE-->alcohol polyoxyethylene ether phosphoric monoester ethanolamine-->tri-isopropanlamiue polyoxypropyleal polyoxy-ethylene ether-->Antifreeze-->antistatic Agent TM-->Sulfonated oil DAH-->amidoamino acid-->softener D3-->ureaformaldelyde resin UF-->amidoaminosurfactans-->Emulsifier FM-->cationic fatliquor agent Z-2-->nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene ether sulfate triethanolamine-->NS-01 silicone modified polyurethane water proof an dluster agent-->synthetic tanning anent PA-->Trimethylolmelamine Resin-->dodecyl phenyl ammonium sulfate-->2-[bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]ethyl stearate -->lauryl polyoxyethylene ether triethanol amine salt-->LY 171883-->Antifoaming agent DEF-->Water treatment agent POE-->hydrogen peroxide stabilizer C-75-->Triethyl oleic soap

  • Raw materials

    Ammonium hydroxide-->Ammonia-->Nitrogen-->ETHYLENE OXIDE-->Propylene oxide-->Ethanolamine-->2,2'-Iminodiethanol-->Crystal Violet-->Alkyl alcohol-->Nonylphenol