مرجع مواد شیمیایی ایران
اطلاعات عمومی تری کلرو اتیلن
  • نام شیمیایی

    • تری کلرو اتیلن

    • Trichloroethylene

  • مترادف ها
    •  تری کلرو اتن

    • 1,1,2-Trichloroethene ; trichloroethene ; 1,1-Dichloro-2-Chloroethylene ; 1-Chloro-2,2-Dichloroethylene ; Acetylene Trichloride ; TCE ; Trethylene ; Trimar ; Trilene ; HCC-1120

  • CAS
    79-01-6
  • فرمول مولکولی
    C2HCl3
  • جرم مولکولی
    131/39
  • EINECS
    201-167-4
  • ICB Number
    ICB 3537
تری کلرو اتیلن
  • شکل و حالت فیزیکی
    مایع بی رنگ
  • نقطه ذوب
    -86 °C
  • نقطه جوش
    87/2 °C
  • دانسیته
    1/463 g/cm3
  • فشار بخار
    61 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
  • دانسیته بخار
    4/5 (vs air)
  • ضریب شکست (n20/D­­)
    1/476
  • نقطه اشتعال
    90 °C
  • دمای نگهداری
    0-6 °C
  • حلالیت در آب
    1/280 g/L
  • شماره CAS
    79-01-6
  • شماره ثبت تجاری (RBN)
    1736782
  • شماره مرک (Merck)
    14,9639
  • NIST Chemistry Reference
  • EPA Substance Registry System
  • مراجع MSDS
  • ارائه دهنده
    زبان
  • انگلیسی
  • انگلیسی
  • Chemical Properties
    • colourless liquid

  • General Description
    • A clear colorless volatile liquid having a chloroform-like odor. Denser than water and is slightly soluble in water. Noncombustible. Used as a solvent, fumigant, in the manufacture of other chemicals, and for many other uses.

  • Air & Water Reactions
    • Slightly soluble in water.

  • Reactivity Profile

    Trichloroethylene has been determined experimentally that mixtures of finely divided barium metal and a number of halogenated hydrocarbons possess an explosive capability. Specifically, impact sensitivity tests have shown that granular barium in contact with monofluorotrichloromethane, trichlorotrifluoroethane, carbon tetrachloride, Trichloroethylene, or tetrachloroethylene can detonate (ASESB Pot. Incid. 39. 1968; Chem. Eng. News 46(9):38. 1968). Trichloroethylene has been determined experimentally that a mixture of beryllium powder with carbon tetrachloride or with Trichloroethylene will flash or spark on heavy impact (ASESB Pot. Incid. 39. 1968). A mixture of powdered magnesium with Trichloroethylene or with carbon tetrachloride will flash or spark under heavy impact (ASESB Pot. Incid, 39. 1968).

  • Usage
    • 1. Cleaner As a cleaning agent, it has a rapid development in the market of the cleaning of metal parts and electronic components market, mainly used in the various kinds of fields including color TV sets, refrigerators, cars, air conditioners, precision machinery and microelectronics industries for being used for cleaning metal parts and electronic components. 2. Chemical Intermediates It is currently used for the consumption of chemical intermediate areas. The domestic industrialized downstream products of trichlorethylene include tetrachlorethylene, hexachloroethane, dichloroacetyl chloride, octachlorodipropylether, HFC-134a, etc. It is mainly driven by the production of HFC-134a. Owing to the rapid industrialization of domestic production of HFC-134a, the ratio of trichlorethylene in the consumption structure as chemical intermediates has increased substantially. 3. Other As the solvent, extracting agent, its consumption is about 15% of total consumption, mainly used for the production of caprolactam, pesticides and pharmaceuticals. Pesticides with trichlorethylene as the solvent include trichlorfon and dimethoate which are popular pesticides in China. The application of trichloroethylene being used as the extractant agent for purification of the pharmaceutical intermediates -methoxy- phthalic acid has also increased largely in recent years.Application of trichlorethylene in other areas of consumption includes expanding agent, coating of unsaturated resin, which accounts for 5%; application of PCE and refrigeration agents accounts about 10%.

  • Health Hazard

    INHALATION: symptoms range from irritation of the nose and throat to nausea, an attitude of irresponsibility, blurred vision, and finally disturbance of central nervous system resulting in cardiac failure. Chronic exposure may cause organic injury. INGESTION: symptoms similar to inhalation. SKIN: defatting action can cause dermatitis. EYES: slightly irritating sensation and lachrymation.

  • Fire Hazard

    Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic and irritating gases are produced in fire situations.

  • Preparation products

    Chloroacetic acid-->Cleaning agent-->Hexamethylphosphoramide-->Dimethoate-->Tetrachlorvinphos-->Tetrachloroethylene-->Dichlorvos-->Hexachloroethane-->Ethlenethiourea-->2-Phenylphenol-->Dichloroacetyl chloride-->CAPSANTHIN-->Pentoxyverine-->Bithionol-->CHLOROPHYLL A-->4-Phenylphenol-->4-Amino-6-methoxypyrimidine-->3-AMINO-4,5,6,7-TETRAHYDRO-BENZO[B]THIOPHENE-2-CARBOXYLIC ACID METHYL ESTER-->TETRACHLOROCYCLOPROPENE-->chlorophyllin copper complex sodium salt-->Bis(2,3,3,3-tetrachloropropyl) ether-->PENTACHLOROETHANE-->DIPROPETRYN-->1,1,1-Trichlorotrifluoroethane-->Sodium 2-biphenylate-->Simazine-->4-ISOPROPYL-3-METHYLPHENOL-->Sulfamonomethoxine-->2,4,6-TRIFLUOROPHENYL ISOTHIOCYANATE-->Sulfadimethoxine sodium salt

  • Raw materials

    Chlorine-->Carbon tetrachloride-->Ferric chloride-->Calcium carbide-->LACQUER THINNER-->Tetrachloroethylene-->1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane-->1,1,2,2-TETRACHLOROETHANE-D2-->PENTACHLOROETHANE