مرجع مواد شیمیایی ایران
اطلاعات عمومی پتاسیم فلورید
  • نام شیمیایی

    • پتاسیم فلورید

    • Potassium fluoride

  • مترادف ها
    •  فلورید پتاسیم ; فلوئورید پتاسیم ; پتاسیم فلوراید

  • CAS
    7789-23-3
  • فرمول مولکولی
    KF
  • جرم مولکولی
    58/1
  • EINECS
    232-151-5
  • ICB Number
    ICB 4105
پتاسیم فلورید
  • شکل و حالت فیزیکی
    پودر سفید
  • نقطه ذوب
    858 °C
  • نقطه جوش
    1505 °C
  • دانسیته
    2/48 g/cm3
  • ضریب شکست (n20/D­­)
    1/363
  • دمای نگهداری
    دمای اتاق
  • حلالیت در آب
    102 g/100 mL (25 °C)
  • شماره CAS
    7789-23-3
  • شماره مرک (Merck)
    14,7632
  • NIST Chemistry Reference
  • EPA Substance Registry System
  • Hazard Codes
  • Risk Statements
  • Safety Statements
  • RIDADR
    UN 1812 6/1/PG 3
  • RTECS
    TT0700000
  • F
  • HazardClass
    6/1
  • PackingGroup
    III
  • مراجع MSDS
  • ارائه دهنده
    زبان
  • انگلیسی
  • انگلیسی
  • Chemical Properties
    • White solid

  • General Description
    • White powder or crystals with a sharp saline taste. Shipped as a solid or an aqueous solution. Strongly irritates skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Toxic by ingestion. Used in insecticides, solder flux and etching glass.

  • Air & Water Reactions
    • Deliquescent. Water soluble.

  • Reactivity Profile

    Potassium fluoride reacts with acids to evolve corrosive and toxic hydrogen fluoride. Aqueous solutions corrode glass and consequently are prepared and stored in polyethylene containers. The pure solid may be stored in glass containers. Reacts violently with (Pt + BrF3). [NTP 1992].

  • Health Hazard

    TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or skin contact with material may cause severe injury or death. Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Avoid any skin contact. Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.

  • Fire Hazard

    Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes. Some are oxidizers and may ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated.

  • Preparation products

    Potassium hydroxide -->4-Fluoroaniline-->Methyl chloroacetate-->(2S,5R,6R)-6-[(R)-2-Amino-2-phenylacetamido]-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic acid-->3-MORPHOLINOPHENYLBORONIC ACID PINACOL ESTER-->6-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)PYRIDINE-3-CARBOXALDEHYDE-->1-[6-(Trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]piperazine-->4-AMINO-2-CHLOROBENZOTRIFLUORIDE-->2-CHLORO-4-NITROBENZOTRIFLUORIDE-->5-FLUORO-1H-PYRROLO[3,2-B] PYRIDINE-->2-FLUORO-3-IODO-5-NITROPYRIDINE-->1,2,3-Trifluoro-4-nitrobenzene-->4-(Trifluoromethyl)nicotinic acid-->Hexaflumuron-->2-Chloro-6-trifluoromethylnicotinic acid-->2-FLUORO-3-NITRO-5-BROMO PYRIDINE-->3-Chloro-4-fluoroaniline-->2,4-Difluoroaniline-->2,6-Difluorobenzamide-->2,4-DIAMINO-6-FLUOROPYRIMIDINE-->3-AMINO-2-FLUORO-4-PICOLINE-->2-Fluoroaniline-->2,6-Difluorobenzonitrile-->4-AMINO-2,6-DIFLUOROPYRIMIDINE-->2-AMINO-4,6-DIFLUOROPYRIMIDINE-->2-Trifluoromethyl-5-bromopyridine-->4-FLUORO-2-NITROBENZONITRILE-->Fluoro-N,N,N',N'-tetramethylformamidinium hexafluorophosphate-->2-Fluorophenol-->2-Fluoroethyl bromide-->Methyl fluoroacetate

  • Raw materials

    Potassium carbonate-->Potassium hydroxide -->Hydrofluoric acid-->(2S,5R,6R)-6-[(R)-2-Amino-2-phenylacetamido]-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic acid-->Hexafluorosilicic acid