مرجع مواد شیمیایی ایران
اطلاعات عمومی فنول
  • نام شیمیایی

    • فنول

    • Phenol

  • مترادف ها
    •  فنل ; هیدروکسی بنزن ; کربولیک اسید

    • Benzenol ; Carbolic acid ; Phenylic acid ; Hydroxybenzene ; Phenic acid

  • CAS
    108-95-2
  • فرمول مولکولی
    C6H6O
  • جرم مولکولی
    94/11
  • EINECS
    203-632-7
  • ICB Number
    ICB 3526
فنول
  • شکل و حالت فیزیکی
    جامد سفید رنگ
  • نقطه ذوب
    40-42 °C (lit.)
  • نقطه جوش
    182 °C (lit.)
  • نقطه انجماد
    41 °C
  • دانسیته
    1/071 g/cm3
  • فشار بخار
    0/4 mmHg (20 °C)
  • دانسیته بخار
    3/24 (vs air)
  • ضریب شکست (n20/D­­)
    1/53
  • نقطه اشتعال
    79 °C
  • دمای نگهداری
    2-8 °C
  • حلالیت در آب
    8/3 g/100 mL (20 °C)
  • ممان دوقطبی
    1/224 D
  • اسیدیته (pka)
    9/95
  • شماره CAS
    108-95-2
  • شماره ثبت تجاری (RBN)
    969616
  • شماره مرک (Merck)
    14,7241
  • NIST Chemistry Reference
  • EPA Substance Registry System
  • مراجع MSDS
  • ارائه دهنده
    زبان
  • انگلیسی
  • انگلیسی
  • انگلیسی
  • Chemical Properties
    • White solid

  • General Description
    • A solid melting at 110°F. Colorless if pure, otherwise pink or red. Flash point 175°F. Density 9.9 lb / gal. Vapors are heavier than air Corrosive to the skin (turning skin white) but because of its anesthetic quality numbs rather than burn. Lethal amounts can be absorbed through the skin. Used to make plastics and adhesives.

  • Air & Water Reactions
    • Decomposes slowly in air. Mixtures of 9-10% phenol in air are explosive. Soluble in water

  • Reactivity Profile

    PHENOL is a weak acid. Reacts exothermically with bases. Reacts with strong oxidizing agents. Emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes when heated to decomposition. Undergoes, in the presence of aluminum chloride, potentially explosive reactions with nitromethane, butadiene, formaldehyde, peroxodisulfuric acid, peroxosulfuric acid, and sodium nitrite . Reacts violently with sodium nitrate in the presence of trifluoroacetic acid [Bretherick, 5th ed., 1995, p. 770]. May corrode lead, aluminum and its alloys, certain plastics, and rubber. Phenol may explode in contact with peroxodisulfuric acid (Dns, J. Ber., 1910, 43, 1880; Z. Anorg. Chem., 1911, 73, 1911.) or peroxomonosulfuric acid. (Sidgwick, 1950, 939)

  • Usage
    • Purified for molecular genetics applications

  • Health Hazard

    Toxic hazard rating is very toxic: probable oral lethal dose (human) is 50-500 mg/kg. Ingestion of 1 gram has been lethal to humans. Lethal amounts may be absorbed through skin or inhaled. Industrial contact can cause chronic poisoning with kidney and liver damage. Persons affected with hepatic or kidney diseases are at a greater risk.

  • Fire Hazard

    Flammable vapors when heated. Runoff from fire control water may give off poisonous gases and cause pollution. Mixtures of 9-10% phenol in air are explosive. Avoid aluminum chloride/nitrobenzene mixture, peroxodisulfuric acid, peroxomonosulfuric acid and strong oxidizing agents. Decomposes slowly on air contact. Avoid contact with strong oxidizing agents.

  • Preparation products

    Octadecyl 3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate-->2,4,6-Trichlorophenol-->6-PHENOXYNICOTINONITRILE-->BISPHENOL A DIMETHACRYLATE-->4-NITROPHENYL PHENYL ETHER-->Fenpropathrin-->4-Hydroxycinnamic acid-->Tetrabromophenol Blue-->DIPHENYL PHTHALATE-->Xanthene-->3-PHENOXYANILINE-->4'-Phenoxyacetophenone-->Tris(2,4-ditert-butylphenyl) phosphite-->DL-4-HYDROXYMANDELIC ACID MONOHYDRATE-->High temperature levelling agent BOF-->Seratrodast-->2-Phenoxypropionic acid-->4-Chromanone-->Dispersing agent S-->Sodium pentachlorophenolate-->2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid-->NITROFEN-->2,4-Di-tert-butylphenol-->3-CHLORO-4-PHENOXYANILINE-->ALKYLPHENOL DISULFIDE-->synthetic tanning agent No.28-->3-AMINO-1-PHENOXY-2-PROPANOL HYDROCHLORIDE-->4-Hydroxyvalerophenone-->3-Phenoxypropionic acid-->SODIUM PHENOLATE TRIHYDRATE-->4-Phenoxybutanoic acid-->2,4,6-Tri-tert-butylphenol-->Adhesive 706-->Acid Red 111-->Roxatidine acetate-->Antioxidant T502-->Sulphur Indanthrene Blue RNX-->Bisacodyl-->Tri(4-isopropylphenyl) phosphate

  • Raw materials

    Sodium hydroxide-->Sulfuric acid -->PETROLEUM ETHER-->Sodium sulfate-->Benzene-->Sodium sulfite-->Sulfur dioxide-->PROPYLENE-->Sulfur trioxide-->COAL TAR-->Fiber Glass Wool-->Isoproturon-->Benzenesulfonic acid sodium salt-->Liquefied petroleum ges-->Phenol crude-->CUMENE-->Cumyl hydroperoxide-->4-Isopropylaniline