مرجع مواد شیمیایی ایران
اطلاعات عمومی لیتیم کلرید
  • نام شیمیایی

    • لیتیم کلرید

    • Lithium chloride

  • مترادف ها
    •  کلرید لیتیم ; لیتیم کلراید

    • Lithium(1+) chloride

  • CAS
    7447-41-8
  • فرمول مولکولی
    ClLi
  • جرم مولکولی
    42/39
  • EINECS
    231-212-3
  • ICB Number
    ICB 3963
لیتیم کلرید
  • شکل و حالت فیزیکی
    پودر سفید
  • نقطه ذوب
    605 °C
  • نقطه جوش
    1382 °C
  • دانسیته
    2/068 g/cm3
  • ضریب شکست (n20/D­­)
    1/662
  • دمای نگهداری
    2-8 °C
  • حلالیت در آب
    84/25 g/100 mL (25 °C)
  • ویسکوزیته
    0/87 cP (807 °C)
  • شماره CAS
    7447-41-8
  • شماره مرک (Merck)
    14,5528
  • NIST Chemistry Reference
  • EPA Substance Registry System
  • مراجع MSDS
  • ارائه دهنده
    زبان
  • انگلیسی
  • انگلیسی
  • Chemical Properties
    • White powder

  • General Description
    • Colorless crystals or powder. Low toxicity.

  • Air & Water Reactions
    • Very hygroscopic. Very soluble in water.

  • Reactivity Profile

    These materials have weak oxidizing or reducing powers. Redox reactions can however still occur. For example, CO2, which is often regarded as chemically inert, vigorously oxidizes the strong reducing agent Mg if the two are heated together. The majority of compounds in this class are slightly soluble or insoluble in water. If soluble in water, then the solutions are usually neither strongly acidic nor strongly basic. These compounds are not water-reactive. Some do react with acids: carbonates generate carbon dioxide and heat when treated with acids; fluorides, sulfites and sulfides generate toxic gases (hydrogen fluoride, sulfur dioxide and hydrogen sulfide, respectively) when treated with acids.

  • Usage
    • Used in formation of an active Mn(0) species useful for radical cyclization reactions.1

  • Fire Hazard

    Flash point data for Lithium chloride are not available. Lithium chloride is probably combustible.

  • Preparation products

    Litium-->2,5-DIMETHYL-1,3-OXAZOLE-4-CARBALDEHYDE-->Diphenylacetylene-->(2,5-DIMETHYL-1,3-OXAZOL-4-YL)METHANOL-->2-Chloro-6-fluorophenylacetic acid-->METHYL 2-CHLORO-6-FLUOROPHENYLACETATE-->1-(3-AMINO-PYRIDIN-2-YL)-ETHANONE-->5-CHLORO-2'-DEOXYURIDINE-->[1,1'-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II)-->3,5-DIMETHOXYPHENYLACETIC ACID-->Methyl 3-cyclopentenecarboxylate-->5-Hydroxymethylpyrrolidin-2-one-->5-AMINOMETHYL-PYRROLIDIN-2-ONE-->3-CHLORO-4-((CYCLOPROPYLAMINO)METHYL)BENZALDEHYDE-->1,3-CYCLOHEXADIENE-->1-(3-CHLORO-4-((CYCLOPROPYLAMINO)METHYL)PHENYL)ETHANONE-->optical plastics based on coplymer of diene macromolecule-->6-Chlorooxindole-->5-Fluoro-2-oxindole-->Mn(Ⅲ)salen epoxidation catalyst-->LITHIUM DICHROMATE-->Halobetasol propionate-->Mometasone furoate

  • Raw materials

    Hydrochloric acid-->Lithium carbonate-->Lithium hydroxide