مرجع مواد شیمیایی ایران
اطلاعات عمومی نیترات سرب
  • نام شیمیایی

    • نیترات سرب

    • Lead(II) nitrate

  • مترادف ها
    •  سرب (II) نیترات

    • Lead nitrate ; Plumbous nitrate ; Lead dinitrate ; Plumb dulcis

  • CAS
    10099-74-8
  • فرمول مولکولی
    Pb(NO3)2
  • جرم مولکولی
    331/21
  • EINECS
    233-245-9
  • ICB Number
    ICB 3859
نیترات سرب
  • شکل و حالت فیزیکی
    پودر سفید
  • نقطه ذوب
    470 °C
  • دانسیته
    4/53 g/cm3
  • ضریب شکست (n20/D­­)
    1/782
  • حلالیت در آب
    343 g/L
  • شماره CAS
    10099-74-8
  • شماره مرک (Merck)
    14,5414
  • مراجع MSDS
  • ارائه دهنده
    زبان
  • انگلیسی
  • انگلیسی
  • Chemical Properties
    • white crystals

  • General Description
    • Lead dinitrate is a white crystalline solid. The material is soluble in water. Lead dinitrate is noncombustible but Lead dinitrate will accelerate the burning of combustible materials. If large quantities of the material are involved in the fire an explosion may result. Prolonged exposure of the material to fire or heat may result in an explosion. Toxic oxides of nitrogen are produced in fires involving Lead dinitrate.

  • Air & Water Reactions
    • Water soluble.

  • Reactivity Profile

    Mixtures of metal/nonmetal nitrates with alkyl esters may explode because of the formation of alkyl nitrates; mixtures of nitrate with phosphorus, tin (II) chloride or other reducing agents may react explosively [Bretherick 1979. p. 108-109]. An explosion of guanidine nitrate demolished an autoclave built to withstand 50 atmospheres, in which Lead dinitrate was being made from ammonium thiocyanate and Lead dinitrate [C. Angew. Chem. 49:23. 1936].

  • Usage
    • 1. It can be used as analysis reagents, oxidizers and photo sensitizer, also used for plating and so on 2. It can be used for making lead salt as well as applied to medicine, printing and dyeing, matches, pigments, dyes, explosives, tanning, plate making, pyrotechnics and other industries. 3. Glass lined industry applies it for the manufacture of milk yellow pigment. Paper industry use it as the yellow pigment of paper. Dyeing industry use it as mordant. Inorganic industry applies it for the manufacture of other lead salts and lead dioxide. The pharmaceutical industry uses it for the manufacture of astringents. Benzene industry use it for tanning agents. Photographic industry use it as a photo sensitizer. Mining industry applies it as ore flotation agent. In addition, it is also used for the production of matches, pyrotechnics, explosives, oxidants, and analytical chemical reagents.

  • Health Hazard

    Early symptoms of lead intoxicatin via inhalation or ingestion are most commonly gastrointestinal disorders, colic, constipation, etc.; weakness, which may go on to paralysis, chiefly of the extensor muscles of the wrists and less often the ankles, is noticeable in the most serious cases. Ingestion of a large amount causes local irritation of the alimentary tract; pain, leg cramps, muscle weakness, paresthesias, depression, coma, and death may follow in 1 or 2 days. Contact with eyes causes irritation.

  • Preparation products

    Acid Yellow 23-->Middle chrome yellow-->Pigment Geen 7-->Lead chromate-->CI NO 77605-->LEAD STEARATE-->Pale chrome yellow-->Barium stearate -->Dark chrome yellow-->1,4-PHENYLENE DIISOTHIOCYANATE-->Lead naphthenate-->LEAD (II) BORATE MONOHYDRATE-->LEAD OLEATE-->Lemon chrome yellow 501

  • Raw materials

    Nitric acid-->Lead monoxide-->Lead-->METALI LEAD