مرجع مواد شیمیایی ایران
اطلاعات عمومی گلیسیرین
  • نام شیمیایی

    • گلیسیرین

    • Glycerin

  • مترادف ها
    •  گلیسرول ; پروپان تری ال

    • Propane-1,2,3-triol ; Glycerol ; Glycerine ; Propanetriol ; 1,2,3-Trihydroxypropane ; 1,2,3-Propanetriol

  • CAS
    56-81-5
  • فرمول مولکولی
    C3H8O3
  • جرم مولکولی
    92/09
  • EINECS
    200-289-5
  • ICB Number
    ICB 3079
گلیسیرین
  • شکل و حالت فیزیکی
    مایعی بی رنگ، شفاف و ویسکوز
  • نقطه ذوب
    19 °C
  • نقطه جوش
    290 °C
  • دانسیته
    1/261 g/cm3
  • فشار بخار
    <1 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
  • دانسیته بخار
    3/1 (vs air)
  • ضریب شکست (n20/D­­)
    1/4746
  • نقطه اشتعال
    160 °C
  • دمای نگهداری
    2-8 °C
  • حلالیت در آب
    محلول در آب
  • ویسکوزیته
    1/412 mPa.s
  • شماره CAS
    56-81-5
  • شماره ثبت تجاری (RBN)
    635685
  • شماره مرک (Merck)
    14,4484
  • NIST Chemistry Reference
  • EPA Substance Registry System
  • مراجع MSDS
  • ارائه دهنده
    زبان
  • انگلیسی
  • انگلیسی
  • Chemical Properties
    • Clear, colorless, viscous liquid

  • General Description
    • A colorless to brown colored liquid. Combustible but may require some effort to ignite. Residual sodium hydroxide (lye) causes crude material to be corrosive to metals and/or tissue.

  • Air & Water Reactions
    • Hygroscopic. Water soluble.

  • Reactivity Profile

    GLYCERINE is incompatible with strong oxidizers. Glycerol is also incompatible with hydrogen peroxide, potassium permanganate, nitric acid + sulfuric acid, perchloric acid + lead oxide, acetic anhydride, aniline + nitrobenzene, Ca(OCl)2, CrO3, F2 + PbO, KMnO4, K2O2, AgClO4 and NaH. A mixture with chlorine explodes if heated to 158-176° F. Glycerol reacts with acetic acid, potassium peroxide, sodium peroxide, hydrochloric acid, (HClO4 + PbO) and Na2O2. Contact with potassium chlorate may be explosive. Glycerol also reacts with ethylene oxide, perchloric acid, nitric acid + hydrofluoric acid and phosphorus triiodide.

  • Usage
    • Glycerol is used both in sample preparation and gel formation for polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Glycerol (5-10%) increases the density of a sample so that the sample will layer at the bottom of a gel’s sample well. Glycerol is also used to aid in casting gradient gels and as a protein stabilizer and storage buffer component.

  • Health Hazard

    No hazard

  • Fire Hazard

    Glycerol is combustible.

  • Preparation products

    Quinclorac-->6-Bromoquinoline-->6-NITROQUINOLINE-->5-CHLOROQUINOLIN-6-AMINE-->Chlorinated paraffin-->7-Quinolinecarboxylic acid-->MELAMINE RESIN-->8-Methylquinoline-->7-CHLOROQUINOLIN-6-AMINE-->POTASSIUM FERRATE(VI) 97-->Monostearin-->Copper quinolate-->DIGLYCEROL-->8-CHLOROQUINOLIN-6-AMINE-->8-Quinolinecarboxylic acid-->8-Chloroquinoline-->7-Methylquinoline-->7-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)QUINOLINE-->METHYL 6-QUINOLINEACETATE-->7,8-BENZOQUINOLINE-->Solketal-->Triacetin-->7-BROMO-1,2,3,4-TETRAHYDRO-QUINOLINE HYDROCHLORIDE-->6-Aminoquinoline-->Levelling agent GS-->8-Bromoquinoline-->glycerin caprylate polyoxethylene ether-->High temperature levelling agent BOF-->Quinoline-5-carboxylic acid-->3-CHLOROQUINOLIN-6-AMINE-->8-METHOXYQUINOLIN-6-AMINE-->Cidofovir-->Amino resin varnish-->7-Dimethylamino-4-methylcoumarin-->3-CHLORO-6-NITROQUINOLINE-->6-Quinolinecarboxylic acid-->Quinoline-7-carbaldehyde-->O-Octadecyl-1,2-acetone glycerin acetal-->Glycerin polyether

  • Raw materials

    Sodium hydroxide-->Hydrochloric acid-->Sulfuric acid -->Epichlorohydrin-->Ferric chloride-->Activated carbon-->Calcium oxide-->Acrolein-->Castor oil-->PROPYLENE-->Peroxyacetic acid-->Ferric chloride hexahydrate-->Fatty acids, C8-10, triesters with trimethylolpropane -->Glycerol tristearate-->PALM OIL-->laundry soap