مرجع مواد شیمیایی ایران
اطلاعات عمومی اتانول آمین
  • نام شیمیایی

    • اتانول آمین

    • Ethanolamine

  • مترادف ها
    • مونو اتانول آمین

    • Colamine ; Glycinol ; Olamine ; Monoethanolamine ; 2-Aminoethanol ; 2-Hydroxyethylamine ; beta-Ethanolamine ; beta-Hydroxyethylamine

  • CAS
    141-43-5
  • فرمول مولکولی
    C2H7NO
  • جرم مولکولی
    61/08
  • EINECS
    205-483-3
  • ICB Number
    ICB 179
  • شکل و حالت فیزیکی
    مایع بی رنگ
  • نقطه ذوب
    10-11 °C
  • نقطه جوش
    170 °C
  • دانسیته
    1/012 g/cm3
  • فشار بخار
    0/2 mmHg
  • دانسیته بخار
    2/1
  • ضریب شکست (n20/D­­)
    Array
  • نقطه اشتعال
    204 °F
  • دمای نگهداری
    25 °C
  • حلالیت در آب
    محلول در آب
  • اسیدیته (pka)
    Array
  • بازیسیته (pkb)
    Array
  • شماره CAS
    141-43-5
  • شماره ثبت تجاری (RBN)
    505944
  • شماره مرک (Merck)
    14,3727
  • NIST Chemistry Reference
  • EPA Substance Registry System
  • مراجع MSDS
  • ارائه دهنده
    زبان
  • انگلیسی
  • انگلیسی
  • Chemical Properties
    • A clear, water-white, hygroscopic liquid with a mild ammoniacal odor

  • General Description
    • A clear colorless liquid with an odor resembling that of ammonia. Flash point 185°F. May attack copper, brass, and rubber. Corrosive to tissue. Moderately toxic. Produces toxic oxides of nitrogen during combustion.

  • Air & Water Reactions
    • Water soluble with evolution of heat.

  • Reactivity Profile

    Ethanolamine is a base. Reacts with organic acids (acetic acid, acrylic acid), inorganic acids (hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, chlorosulfonic acid), acetic anhydride, acrolein, acrylonitrile, cellulose, epichlorohydrin, mesityl oxide, beta-propiolactone, vinyl acetate. Emits toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides when heated to decomposition [Sax, 9th ed., 1996, p. 1498].

  • Health Hazard

    Vapor irritates eyes and nose. Liquid causes local injury to mouth, throat, digestive tract, skin, and eyes.

  • Fire Hazard

    Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Irritating vapors generated when heated.

  • Preparation products

    2-(DIPHENYLPHOSPHINO)ETHYLAMINE-->Aminoprofen-->Fluorescent brightener 85-->2-Bromoethylamine hydrobromide-->Cysteamine hydrochloride-->Amlodipine-->3-Ketomorpholine-->Pretilachlor-->FLUORESCENT BRIGHTENER 28-->Diethyl(acetylamino)((2-((bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino)methyl)-5-nitrophenyl)methyl)propanedioate-->(2-AMINOETHOXY)DIPHENYLBORANE-->Disperse Blue 3-->monoethanolamine dodecyl sulfate-->N-(2-HYDROXYETHYL)IMINODIACETIC ACID-->2-AMINOETHYL HYDROGEN SULFATE-->2-Oxazolidone -->Butethamine-->Nicorandil-->fluorescent whitening agent JD-3-->alcohol polyoxyethylene ether phosphoric monoester ethanolamine-->Direct Red 243-->6-[N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)amino]-1,3-dimethyl-2,4(1H,3H)-dione-->2-Methyl-2-thiazoline-->2-(BUTYLAMINO)ETHANOL-->TERT-BUTYL N-(2-HYDROXYETHYL)CARBAMATE-->Lomustine-->N-(2-Bromoethyl)phthalimide-->Polyvinylpyrrolidone-->phthalogen auxiliary BSK-->POLYETHYLENEIMINE, BRANCHED-->Rilmenidine-->2-[(diisopropyl)amino]ethyl 9H-xanthene-9-carboxylate-->2-HYDROXYETHYLUREA-->2-(2-Aminoethyl)isothiourea dihydrobromide -->2-ethylhexyl hydrogen -2-ethylhexylphosphonate -->Alibendol-->Carmustin-->N-Benzyl-N-methylethanolamine-->2-Mercaptothiazoline-->N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)acetamide

  • Raw materials

    Ammonia-->ETHYLENE OXIDE-->Triethanolamine-->2,2'-Iminodiethanol-->Polyethylene-polypropylene glycol-->Crystal Violet-->PHOSPHOLIPIDS-->Choline hydroxide