مرجع مواد شیمیایی ایران
اطلاعات عمومی پلی کلرو هیدرین
  • نام شیمیایی

    • پلی کلرو هیدرین

    • Epichlorohydrin

  • مترادف ها
    •  اپی کلرو هیدرین رابر

    • 2-(Chloromethyl)oxirane ; (Chloromethyl)oxirane ; 1-Chloro-2,3-epoxypropane ; γ-Chloropropylene oxide ; Glycidyl chloride

  • CAS
    106-89-8
  • فرمول مولکولی
    C3H5ClO
  • جرم مولکولی
    92/52
  • EINECS
    203-439-8
  • ICB Number
    ICB 4965
  • شکل و حالت فیزیکی
    مایع بی رنگ
  • نقطه ذوب
    -57 °C
  • نقطه جوش
    115-117 °C
  • دانسیته
    1/183 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
  • فشار بخار
    13/8 mm Hg ( 21/1 °C)
  • دانسیته بخار
    3/2 (vs air)
  • ضریب شکست (n20/D­­)
    1/438
  • نقطه اشتعال
    32 °C
  • دمای نگهداری
    4 °C
  • حلالیت در آب
    6 g/100 mL (10 ºC)
  • شماره CAS
    106-89-8
  • شماره ثبت تجاری (RBN)
    79785
  • شماره مرک (Merck)
    14,3611
  • NIST Chemistry Reference
  • EPA Substance Registry System
  • Hazard Codes
  • Risk Statements
  • Safety Statements
  • RIDADR
    UN 2023 6/1/PG 2
  • RTECS
    TX4900000
  • HazardClass
    6/1
  • PackingGroup
    II
  • مراجع MSDS
  • ارائه دهنده
    زبان
  • انگلیسی
  • Chemical Properties
    • colourless liquid

  • General Description
    • A clear colorless liquid with an irritating chloroform-like odor. Density 9.8 lb / gal. Flash point 87°F. Polymerizable. If polymerization takes place inside a closed container, the container is subject to violent rupture. Irritates the skin and respiratory system. Toxic by ingestion. A confirmed carcinogen. Vapors heavier than air. Used to make plastics and as a solvent.

  • Air & Water Reactions
    • Highly flammable. Water soluble.

  • Reactivity Profile

    Epichlorohydrin may polymerize exothermically if heated or contaminated. Reacts explosively with aniline. Ignites on contact with potassium tert-butoxide. Reacts with trichloroethylene to give the explosive dichloroacetylene. Violent reaction with sulfuric acid or isopropylamine. Exothermic polymerization on contact with strong acids or bases, zinc, aluminum, aluminum chloride, iron, ferric chloride [Sax, 9th ed., 1996, p. 1469].

  • Health Hazard

    Epichlorohydrin is caustic as both a liquid and gas. Irritation of the eyes and skin, and skin sensitization has been observed. Exposure to epichlorohydrin has caused inflammation of the lungs, asthmatic bronchitis, and liver and kidney damage. In acute poisonings, death may be caused by respiratory paralysis.

  • Fire Hazard

    When heated to decomposition, Epichlorohydrin evolves highly toxic fumes of phosgene and carbon monoxide. Reactive and incompatible with strong oxidizers, strong acids, caustics, zinc, aluminum, chlorides of iron and aluminumand compounds with an active hydrogen atom, including water. Unstable, avoid heat, contaminants, strong acids and bases, certain curing agents such as ethylenediamine. Hazardous polymerization may occur.

  • Preparation products

    softening agent EST-->3-AMINO-1-PHENOXY-2-PROPANOL HYDROCHLORIDE-->softening agent SCI-A-->noncyanide zinc plating additive-TDAE-->wet strength agent used for paper PAE-->2,3-DIHYDRO-1,4-BENZODIOXIN-2-METHANOL 4-METHYLBENZENESULFONATE-->Ethylene glycol diglycidyl ether-->DL-Carnitine hydrochloride-->1,3,5-Triglycidyl isocyanurate -->zinc plating additive DPE-1-->1-CHLORO-3-FLUOROISOPROPANOL-->CARAZOLOL HCL-->mnocyanide zine plating bright agent-->2-HYDROXYMETHYL-1,4-BENZODIOXANE-->[[p-(2-methoxyethyl)phenoxy]methyl]oxirane -->noncyanide zinc plating additive XD-1-->GLYCIDYL ISOPROPYL ETHER-->ironicion stabilzer-->2-GLYCIDYLOXYBENZONITRILE-->1,4-bis[(3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl)amino]anthraquinone -->Noncyanide zinc plating additive DE-->Cross-linking agent DE-->BE-strong efficient nickel plating brightener-->Guaiacol glycidyl ether-->2-[(1-Naphthyloxy)methyl]oxirane-->Glycidyl phenyl ether-->N-(4-(OXIRANYLMETHOXY)-1,2-EPOXYPROPANE-->the chelating resin of crosslinking chitosan condense with salilylaldehyde-->Metoprolol-->1,3-diiodopropan-2-ol-->Poly(epichlorohydrin-co-propylene oxide-co-starch)-->noncyanide zinc plating bright additive-->4-(oxiranylmethoxy)-1H-indole -->3-Chloro-2-hydroxypropyltrimethyl ammonium chloride-->noncyanide zie plating additive XD-2-->1-(2-Hydroxy-3-sulfopropyl)-pyridinium betane-->L-Carnitine hydrochloride-->Acetyl-L-carnitine hydrochloride-->L-Carnitine fumarate

  • Raw materials

    Sodium hydroxide-->Acetic acid glacial-->Sodium carbonate-->Chlorine-->Calcium carbonate-->Oxygen-->Allyl chloride-->PROPYLENE-->hypochlorous acid-->2-Amino-3-chlorobenzoic acid-->D-D Extender-->2,3-DICHLORO-1-PROPANOL