مرجع مواد شیمیایی ایران
اطلاعات عمومی دی اتیل اتر
  • نام شیمیایی

    • دی اتیل اتر

    • Diethyl ether

  • مترادف ها
    •  اتیل اتر 

    • Ethoxyethane ; Dether ; Ethyl ether ; Ethyl oxide ; 3-Oxapentane ; Ethoxyethane ; Diethyl oxide ; Solvent ether ; Sulfuric ether

  • CAS
    60-29-7
  • فرمول مولکولی
    C4H10O
  • جرم مولکولی
    74/12
  • EINECS
    200-467-2
  • ICB Number
    ICB 3499
دی اتیل اتر
  • شکل و حالت فیزیکی
    مایع بی رنگ
  • نقطه ذوب
    -116 °C
  • نقطه جوش
    34/6 °C
  • دانسیته
    0/7134 g/cm3
  • فشار بخار
    440 mmHg (20°C)
  • دانسیته بخار
    2/6 (vs air)
  • ضریب شکست (n20/D­­)
    1/353
  • نقطه اشتعال
    -40 °F
  • دمای نگهداری
    دمای اتاق
  • حلالیت در آب
    69 g/L (20 ºC)
  • ویسکوزیته
    0/224 cP (25 °C)
  • ممان دوقطبی
    1/15 D
  • شماره CAS
    60-29-7
  • شماره مرک (Merck)
    14,3806
  • NIST Chemistry Reference
  • EPA Substance Registry System
  • Chemical Properties
    • Clear liquid

  • General Description
    • A clear colorless liquid with an anesthetic odor. Flash point -49°F. Less dense than water and slightly soluble in water. Hence floats on water. Vapors are heavier than air. Used as a solvent and to make other chemicals.

  • Air & Water Reactions
    • Highly flammable. Oxidizes readily in air to form unstable peroxides that may explode spontaneously [Bretherick, 1979 p.151-154, 164]. A mixture of liquid air and Diethyl ether exploded spontaneously, [MCA Case History 616(1960)].

  • Reactivity Profile

    Occasional explosions have occurred when aluminum hydride was stored in ether. The explosions have been blamed on the presence of carbon dioxide impurity in the ether, [J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 70:877(1948)]. Diethyl ether and chromium trioxide react violently at room temperature. Solid acetyl peroxide in contact with ether or any volatile solvent may explode violently. A 5-gram portion in ether detonated while being carried, [Chem. Eng. News 27:175(1949)]. Nitrosyl perchlorate ignites and explodes with Diethyl ether. A mixture of ether and ozone forms aldehyde and acetic acid and a heavy liquid, ethyl peroxide, an explosive, [Mellor 1:911(1946-1947)].

  • Health Hazard

    Vapor inhalation may cause headache, nausea, vomiting, and loss of consciousness. Contact with eyes will be irritating. Skin contact from clothing wet with the chemical may cause burns.

  • Fire Hazard

    Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than air and may travel considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back. Decomposes violently when heated.

  • Preparation products

    Allyl methyl carbonate-->2-Methoxyphenylboronic acid-->2-Methoxy-5-pyridineboronic acid-->2-BROMO-4-NITRO(TRIFLUOROMETHOXY)BENZENE-->(6-ETHOXYPYRIDIN-3-YL)BORONIC ACID-->N-Boc-N,N-bis(2-chloroethyl)amine-->2-Amino-6-methyl-4-pyrimidinol-->2,2':5',2''-TERTHIOPHENE-->2,6-Difluorophenylboronic acid-->ethyl 1-methylpyrrole-2-carboxylate -->2-Benzothienylboronic acid-->3-Methylbenzylamine-->4-tert-Butylbenzoyl chloride-->4-(Trifluoromethyl)phenacyl bromide-->1,2-(Methylenedioxy)-4-nitrobenzene-->7-OXABICYCLO[2.2.1]HEPTANE-->N,N,N',N'-TETRAMETHYL-2-BUTENE-1,4-DIAMINE-->1,2-Epoxyoctane-->17beta-Hydroxy-17-methylandrosta-4,9(11)-dien-3-one-->3-(4-BROMOPHENOXY)PROPANOIC ACID-->2-Acetylthiazole-->A-MELANOCYTE STIMULATING HORMONE SYNTHETIC-->2-(4-Ethoxyphenyl)-2-methylpropanol-->N,N-diethyl-1-propynylamine-->Daidzein-->LACTAMIDE-->6-MORPHOLINONICOTINALDEHYDE-->2-PHENYL-2-PROPANOL-->1-Methyl-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid-->2,4-Dibromothiophene-->2-[5-(Benzyloxy)-1H-indol-3-yl]-2-oxoacetic acid ,97%-->2-Bromo-1-indanone-->ETHYLENEDIAMINE DIACETATE-->1,5-HEXADIENE-->Borane-pyridine complex-->PHOSPHOMOLYBDIC ACID HYDRATE-->Levonorgestrel-->ECGONINE HYDROCHLORIDE AMINO ALCOHOL POR TION-->methylated albumin-->Genistein

  • Raw materials

    Etanol-->Sulfuric acid -->Sodium metabisulfite-->Diethyl sulfate-->Dehydrolyzing agent-->ETHYLENE