مرجع مواد شیمیایی ایران
اطلاعات عمومی اکریلونیتریل
  • نام شیمیایی

    • اکریلونیتریل

    • Acrylonitrile

  • مترادف ها
    • Prop-2-enenitrile; 2-Propenenitrile; Cyanoethene; Vinylcyanide (VCN); Cyanoethylene; Propenenitrile

  • CAS
    107-13-1
  • فرمول مولکولی
    C3H3N
  • جرم مولکولی
    53/06
  • EINECS
    203-466-5
  • ICB Number
    ICB 4959
  • شکل و حالت فیزیکی
    مایع بی رنگ
  • نقطه ذوب
    -83/5 °C
  • نقطه جوش
    77/3 °C
  • دانسیته
    0/806 g/mL at 20 °C
  • فشار بخار
    86 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
  • دانسیته بخار
    1/83 (vs air)
  • ضریب شکست (n20/D­­)
    1/391
  • نقطه اشتعال
    32 °F
  • دمای نگهداری
    2-8 °C
  • حلالیت در آب
    7/45 g/100 mL
  • شماره CAS
    107-13-1
  • شماره ثبت تجاری (RBN)
    605310
  • شماره مرک (Merck)
    14,131
  • NIST Chemistry Reference
  • EPA Substance Registry System
  • Chemical Properties
    • clear liquid

  • Air & Water Reactions
    • Highly flammable. Soluble in water.

  • Reactivity Profile

    ACRYLONITRILE produces poisonous hydrogen cyanide gas on contact with strong acids or when heated to decomposition. Reacts violently with strong oxidizing agents (dibenzoyl peroxide, di-tert-butylperoxide, bromine) [Sax, 9th ed., p. 61]. Rapidly ignites in air and forms explosive mixtures with air. Polymerizes violently in the presence of strong bases or acids. Underwent a runaway reaction culminating in an explosion on contact with a small amount of bromine or solid silver nitrate [Bretherick, 5th ed., 1995, p. 404].

  • Health Hazard

    Acrylonitrile is classified as very toxic. Probable oral lethal dose for human is 50-500 mg/kg (between 1 teaspoon and 1 oz.) for a 70 kg (150 lb.) person. Irritant skin dose -- 500 mg. Toxic concentrations have been reported at 16 ppm/20 min. Acute toxicity is similar to that due to cyanide poisoning, and the level of cyanide ion in blood is related to the level of poisoning. Inhalation or ingestion results in collapse and death due to tissue anoxia (lack of oxygen) and cardiac arrest (heart failure).

  • Fire Hazard

    Materials are too dangerous to health to expose fire fighters. A few whiffs of vapor could cause death or vapor or liquid could be fatal on penetrating the fire fighter's normal full protective clothing. The normal full protective clothing and breathing apparatus available to the average fire department will not provide adequate protection against inhalation or skin contact with these materials. Explosion hazard is moderate. Acrylonitrile is flammable and explosive at normal room temperatures. Can react violently with strong acids, amines, strong alkalis. Vapors may travel considerable distance to source of ignition and flash back. Dilute solutions are also hazardous (flash point of a solution of 2 percent in water is 70F). When heated or burned, toxic hydrogen cyanide gas and oxides of nitrogen are formed. Avoid strong acids, amines, alkalis. Incompatible with strong oxidizers (especially bromine) copper and copper alloys. Unstable, moderate hazard is possible when Acrylonitrile is exposed to flames, strong acids, amines and alkalis. May polymerize spontaneously in the container, particularly in absence of oxygen or on exposure to visible light. If polymerization occurs in containers, there is a possibility of violent rupture.

  • Preparation products

    modified acrylic resin emulsion J-->Chlorpyrifos,E.C.-->brubber latex 202BA-->1,4-Bis(3-aminopropyl)piperazine-->rubber latex BA-->Dilauryl thiodipropionate-->N-Methylolacrylamide -->Binder for coating printing-->N,N-Bis(cyanoethyl)aniline-->2-chloro-2-trichloroethyl-33-dimethyl cyclobutenone-->coupling agent NBC-1-->crosslinking aent DTF-3-->Dimethylaminopropionitrile-->DIETHYL 2-(2-CYANOETHYL)MALONATE-->DBDCB-->Leather lustering agent-->N,N-Diethylethylenediamine-->3-CARBETHOXY-2-PIPERIDONE-->N-(3-Aminopropyl)-imidazole-->Polyacrylamide dry powder,non-ionic-->Polyacrylamide dry powder,cationic-->Fursultiamine-->N-(ETHOXYCARBONYL)-N-(ETHOXYCARBONYKLETHYL)GLYCINE ETHYL ESTER-->acrylic resin emulsion FX-1-->Cibenzoline-->3-PIPERAZIN-1-YL-PROPIONITRILE-->Thiodiglycolic acid-->N-(2-CYANOETHYL)PYRROLE-->1-Ethoxycarbonyl-3-pyrrolidione-->2,3-Dichloropropionitrile-->N-(2-CYANOETHYL)GLYCINE-->3-Diethylaminopropylamine-->interpenetrating network ion exchange resin-->Sodium carboxyl methylstarch-->2,3-Dibromopropionitrile-->FLUDIOXONIL-->TXG retention aid-->3-Chloropropiononitrile-->N,N-Dibenzylhydroxylamine

  • Raw materials

    Oxygen-->Silica gel-->Ammonium sulfate-->Carbomer 940-->TRIMETHYLAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE-->PROPYLENE-->HYDROGEN CYANIDE-->Magnesium carbonate-->Bismuth-->Lactonitrile-->Extraction column